When Claudius tells Laertes that Polonius he is dead, Ophelia enters with a bundle of flowers, each one symbolic. A brooding Hamlet sits outside the action. He is relieved by Barnardo, who is joined shortly by Horatio and Marcellus. He and many other critics have found this scene to be a microcosm of the whole play, as it were. Hamlet warns them that he will pretend to be crazy until he can exact vengeance. They become confused when Hamlet spurns her, telling her to go to a nunnery. Act I, Scene ii Click the summary infographic to download. Polonius and Claudius spy on Hamlet and Ophelia as she returns the gifts he gave her. That night, Hamlet meets the ghost, who claims to be the ghost of the king—Hamlet's father. They have just been married. He tells Hamlet that he has come on a nightly walk from Purgatory, where his soul is under continual torment for the sins of his life. Suddenly, it does. If it is there, is it really a devil assuming the king's regal shape and garments? The guards and Horatio enter and tell Hamlet about the ghost. Elizabeth had no children, and the only person with a legitimate Marcellus and Horatio try to prevent him from following, agreeing with Hamlet that it might bring "airs from heaven or blasts from hell. During the performance of The Murder of Gonzago, Claudius stops the action just after the scene in which poison is poured into the king's ear. Hamlet decides to attend the watch that very night in hopes of seeing the ghost himself. The dreary tone and harsh setting contrasting with the revelry within the castle foretell of the tragedy that is to come. At the same time, Hamlet seems somewhat aware that he is, in fact, playing a role on stage. The king's brother Claudius has replaced him, stealing Hamlet's rightful place on the throne. Hamlet is suspicious of them, and he evades their questions. Hamlet Act 1 Summary and Analysis - Outside the castle, a guard named Francisco is posted who receives Barnardo in the middle of the night to take over his … Polonius sends a spy, Reynaldo, to France to keep an eye on Laertes. The new king, Hamlet's uncle, murdered Hamlet's father. Ophelia, as an obedient daughter of the time, agrees to spurn Hamlet. Laertes acquires a poison blade, and Claudius plans to give Hamlet a poisoned goblet. Further Reading: Horatio is skeptical, but then the ghost suddenly appears The ghost tells Hamlet that he is Hamlet's father and was murdered by Claudius, who put poison in the napping king's ear. Hamlet enters and readies himself to kill Claudius, but stops when he realizes that Claudius might go to heaven if he is killed while praying. After this soliloquy, Horatio, Marcellus and Bernardo enter. Hamlet and Revenge. The letter explains that Hamlet snuck onto a pirate vessel that attacked them; after they parted, the pirates mercifully agreed to take him back to Denmark in return for some favors. Horatio and Marcellus enter and greet Francisco, identifying themselves as loyal Danish subjects, and Francisco exits. Horatio convinces Hamlet to watch the next night. Check out the video summary or the text summary on enotes for more info. In light of the obvious friction between him and Claudius in Act 1, Scene 2 , there is no doubt that this new information warns of potential violence. Laertes confesses the plan he shared with Claudius, and Hamlet wounds Claudius with the poisoned blade, killing him. Horatio declares that the ghost must bring Hamlet repudiates the celebration, calling it an indulgence that discredits Denmark in the eyes of other nations. They entreat the Ghost to stay and talk, but it dissolves into the night. I'm sorry, what poem are you referring to. A sense of dread and tragedy is almost palpable.

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